Determinantes de la transición de la escuela al trabajo en Chile

Contenido principal del artículo

Francisco A. Gálvez-Gamboa, Mg.
Palmenia I. Pinochet-Quiroz, Mg.

Resumen

(analítico)
En Chile, actualmente la población categorizada como jóvenes que ni estudian ni trabajan (conocidos como nini) asciende a cerca de medio millón de personas, lo que presenta un desafío en la orientación de estrategias que les permitan insertarse en el mercado del trabajo o continuar sus estudios. Esta investigación tiene por finalidad determinar los factores que influyen en la transición de la escolaridad al trabajo en la población de jóvenes chilenos, por medio de modelos probabilísticos a partir de datos representativos a nivel nacional. Los resultados muestran que son determinantes la pobreza, la existencia de menores en el hogar, el género y la paternidad o maternidad adolescente. Se  establecen algunas estrategias y se hace hincapié en continuar el estudio considerando la multitud de factores que están involucrados.



Palabras clave: Desempleo de los jóvenes; transición a la vida activa; jóvenes; mercado de trabajo.

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Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Gálvez-Gamboa, F. A. ., & Pinochet-Quiroz, P. I. . (2022). Determinantes de la transición de la escuela al trabajo en Chile. Revista Latinoamericana De Ciencias Sociales, Niñez Y Juventud, 21(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.11600/rlcsnj.21.1.4578
Sección
Segunda Sección: Estudios e Investigaciones
Biografía del autor/a

Francisco A. Gálvez-Gamboa, Mg., Universidad Católica del Maule, Chile

Ingeniero Comercial. Magíster en Economía. Académico, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Económicas.
0000-0002-1183-5375. H5: 2. Correo electrónico: fgalvez@ucm.cl

Palmenia I. Pinochet-Quiroz, Mg., Universidad Católica del Maule, Chile

Magíster en Educación Especial y Psicopedagogía. Coordinadora Técnico-Pedagógica, Dirección General de Docencia, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile. 0000-0001-9288-6395. H5: 1. Correo electrónico: ppinochetq@ucm.cl

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