Caracterización psicosocial y criminológica de adolescentes chilenos con prácticas abusivas sexuales

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Miguel Salazar-Muñoz, Mg.
Luis Álvarez-Vivar, Mg.
Yonatan Bustamante-Cárcamo, Mg.
Ricardo Pérez-Luco Arenas, Ph.D.

Resumen

Resumen (analítico)


El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar las variables psicosociales y criminológicas asociadas a los adolescentes que desarrollan prácticas abusivas sexuales (PAS), en función de la edad de las víctimas. Mediante un diseño no experimental y transversal, con características descriptivas y correlacionales, se analizan antecedentes psicosociales y criminológicos de 232 adolescentes varones que han realizado PAS. Los resultados indican diferencias estadísticas significativas entre los adolescentes que cometen PAS contra víctimas menores, en contraste con quienes abusan de víctimas pares, tanto en las variables psicosociales (trayectoria escolar e historial de victimizaciones) como en las variables criminológicas (contexto de la práctica abusiva sexual y relación adolescente-víctima). Finalmente, se discuten los resultados en relación con la evidencia internacional y las implicaciones de la generación de conocimientos sobre la temática.



Palabras clave: Ofensa sexual, víctima, adolescencia, comportamiento social, violencia

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Salazar-Muñoz, M. O., Álvarez-Vivar, L. ., Bustamante-Cárcamo, Y. ., & Pérez-Luco Arenas, R. . (2020). Caracterización psicosocial y criminológica de adolescentes chilenos con prácticas abusivas sexuales. Revista Latinoamericana De Ciencias Sociales, Niñez Y Juventud , 19(1), 1-25. https://doi.org/10.11600/rlcsnj.19.1.4645
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Segunda Parte Volumen 19 No. 1
Biografía del autor/a

Miguel Salazar-Muñoz, Mg., Universidad San Sebastián, Chile

Psicólogo, Universidad Austral de Chile. Magíster en Psicología Jurídica y Forense, Universidad de La Frontera. Doctorando en Psicología, Salud y Calidad de Vida, Universidad de Gerona. Docente Facultad de Psicología, Universidad San Sebastián, Chile. H5: 2. 0000-0002-0294-1395. Correo electrónico: miguel.salazar@uss.cl

Luis Álvarez-Vivar, Mg., Universidad Austral de Chile, Chile

Psicólogo, Universidad Austral de Chile. Magíster en Psicología Jurídica y Forense, Universidad de La Frontera. Docente Instituto de Psicología, Universidad Austral de Chile. H5: 3. 0000-0002-0429-7337. Correo electrónico: luis.alvarez@uach.cl

Yonatan Bustamante-Cárcamo, Mg., Universidad Santo Tomás, Chile

Psicólogo, Universidad Austral de Chile. Magíster en Psicología Jurídica y Forense, Universidad de La Frontera. Doctorando en Psicología, Universidad del País Vasco. Docente Carrera de Psicología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Comunicación, Universidad Santo Tomás, Chile. Director de ONG Coincide. H5: 2. 0000-0002-3597-8856. Correo electrónico: ybustamante2@santotomas.cl

Ricardo Pérez-Luco Arenas, Ph.D., Universidad de La Frontera, Chile

Psicólogo, Universidad de La Frontera. Magíster en Ciencias Sociales y Políticas, Flacso, México. Doctor en Psicología, Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca, España. Profesor Asociado Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de La Frontera. H5: 8. 0000-0002-7051-5005. Correo electrónico: ricardo.perez-luco@ufrontera.cl

Citas

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